submitted by Peter Coroneos on 23.12.2003
This is in the town square in Potamos. The inscription below the statue says (transcribed):
TO STRATIYO P. KORONAIO TA KYTHIRA ANATITHISIN
Does anyone have the history of this man?
submitted by Peter Coroneos on 16.07.2009
Thanks to information from the Kytherian Society of California website, I am now able to add that General Panos Koronaios distinguished himself in the Cretan revolution from 1866-1869 and commanded the revolutionary forces in the County of Rethimnon.
submitted by Peter Coroneos on 13.07.2011
More information from this Russian site (in French) http://fr.academic.ru/dic.nsf/frwiki/1287888
Panos Koronaios is a Greek soldier and politician born in 1809 in Cythera.
He commanded the Greek volunteers help the Russians left in besieged Sevastopol during the Crimean War. During the Cretan insurrection of 1866-1869, he was the general of the revolutionary forces in the region of Rethymno.
More info follows:
Would someone like to provide the gist this text - it runs to about 40 pages. My Greek isn't good enough to attempt it. Thanks. - PC
Reference with photo. An approximate translation as follows:
[Pic] Etching Panos Koronaiou from magazine gallery of 1899.
The Lieutenant Panos Koroneos was a Greek soldier and politician of the 19th century.
He was born in Kythera in 1815 or so. [This is at variance with the 1809 date as reported above]. He followed a military career and and later directed the artillery section in the Ministry of Defense. After many adventures he was elected by the National Assembly in 1863 to the Military Government of Minister Rufus. He did not serve due to the outbreak of civil war in 1863 which changed the entire government. He was subsequently appointed Minister of War again in the short-lived government of Kanaris 1864. He died on January 17, 1899.
This from a Greek historical site http://www.istoria.gr/index.php?mod=articles&action=disArcArt&issue=63&id=669 (machine translation with some human edits):
Panos Koroneos is one of the most wronged bibliographic military and political figures of modern Greek history. He is one of the few men who lived through almost all historical events in Greece in the 19th century. He starred in historical times, culminating in the Civil War in June 1863. The "Iouniana" as were known, were a key item in Greece at that time there was less self-seeker men but fortunately neither anadiotelon persons.
Panos Koroneos was born in 1809 in Istanbul by parents of Kytherian origin. With the outbreak of the Greek revolution in 1821, the family was forced to move to Cythera. After the Revolution, the family Koronaiou returned to Constantinople (1830), but their son Panos went to Corfu to attend the Ionian Academy. At the age of 17 the Restless Young found in Nafplion, where he joined the regular army of the French philhellene Colonel Charles Favierou. The teen Panos participated in many major campaigns including the attempted conquest of the island from the forces of Favierou 1827.
The next year the young rebel came under the command of another French officer, General Maison. The Anglo-French, following the protocol of London (July 1828), which ensured internationally Greek independence, sent a French corps under General Maison to expel the Turkish-Egyptian army of Ibrahim. Koroneos, having gained valuable experience and many wounds from the conflict, entered a scholarship to the newly established Academy on the recommendation of its own Capodistrias. In 1831 he was only 23 years old when he graduated among the first eight in faculty with the rank of second lieutenant of artillery. A few months later, however, the political and ideological mentor of the new time officer, John Kapodistrias, was killed in an ambush he devised against fanatical political opponents. Koroneos never forgot the offer, at both national and personal level [of] the first governor of Greece.
This is a more complete account translated from this site:
Panos Koroneos Nicholas, born in 1808 in Istanbul Kytherians parents. His sister, the name was Diane, who married Kythirio radical MP (Parliament Ionian State) Dimitrios Raptakis and was the grandmother of musical Kleon Triantafyllou known as the Attic. His family was forced to metanastepsei the Ionian State. He studied at the Ionian Academy in Corfu. After completing his studies he went to Nafplio and joined the regular army Favierou participated in many battles and a few wounded. Introduced by Kapodistrias the Central Military School which had just opened and graduated in July 1831. He was awarded the rank of second lieutenant of artillery. He served under the command of French general Maizonos the release of the Peloponnese. After he joined the newly established Artillery Corps of free Greece, which was also a main organizer. On December 1, 1833 he was promoted to lieutenant and assigned to the Artillery Corps Adjutant. In 1837 became a captain and placed in Nafplion. In the revolution of 1843 supported the constitutional liberties of Greece. Soon opposed to the regime of Otto and entered the King suspended by dismissal from 1853 to 1859. He fled to Paris and worked on military studies. In 1854 he joined the Russian army and was appointed leader of the volunteer corps Ionian Greeks. Participated in the Crimean War 1853 - 1856 with the Russians against the Turks. With the fighting spirit and performance in the historic crossing of the Danube and other victorious battles awarded medal from Russia. In 1860 he fought with the French army in the campaign of Syria. Decorated also the French Government with the medal of the Legion of Honour. In STON military rebellion against King Otto in Nafplion on February 1, 1862, made captain. After the revolution the winners asked to apply the Constitution to convene a National Assembly and to resolve other key issues. The conflict with the regime of Otto continued. Panos Koroneos starred in them, wounded and then captured. After the persecution of King Otto on October 13, 1862 by Koroneos moved to Athens and was appointed head of the National Guard by the Home Secretary Zaimi. To return to Nafplio, the City Council to honor Koroneos for his contribution to the uprising in February against Otto gave a formal welcome him with an honorary resolution anointed him honorary citizen of the City of Nafplion. In the Second National Assembly of 1864 the elected representative Koroneos Attica. In 1866 he went to Crete, Moni Arkadi to participate in the liberation struggle against the Turks. Proclaimed leader of the revolution of Rethymno. His contribution was catalytic.
The political and social action by Panos Koronaiou was also important. He was Minister of War (1863 - 1864). In 1868 he was elected to Attica in 1875, 1879 and 1885 Member of Kythira. He died on November 17, 1889 bearing the rank of Lieutenant. Today the statue of General adorns the central square of the District. The unveiling of the bust made on council Megalokonomou Michael on May 22, 1911 and the presence of Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos.
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