submitted by George Kanarakis on 12.10.2006
Neos Kosmos English Weekly, 28th February, 2000, p.6.
One of the important issues tabled at the three day conference was correcting a historical belief about the first book published in Australia in the Greek language.
The correction was made by Dr George Kanarakis from Charles Sturt University, who said the first book was one titled Πραγματεία Περί Ηθικής ‘and not ‘Η Ζωή εν Aυσταλία’ (Life in Australia) as is widely believed.
In fact, the book was published between mid December of 1915 and the early months of 1916, by the later defunct Ωκεανίδα newspaper. A Greek translation, by a Dimitris Sigalos from an original French text written by Jules Payot, the book deals with questions of ethics.
“The book came into my hands a few years ago,” Dr Kanarakis said.
“The problem was that the book did not have a date of publication. It is from this point onwards that the philological problem begins.”
Finding the date of publication, Dr Kanarakis said, reads like a investigative novel.
The newspaper had informed its readers that the book was at the printing press on 3 December 1915. However, unable to ascertain more knowledge from the primary source, Dr Kanarakis turned to secondary sources, namely the biographies contained in ‘Life in Australia,’ which was published in 1916.
The autobiography to which Dr Kanarakis turned, was written by one of the publishers of the newspaper Ωκεανίδα, Nicholas Yiannikos. He was informed that the newspaper had ceased to print a few months before his submission to the collators of ‘Life in Australia.’
Since the publication of ‘Life in Australia’ succeeded the closing of Ωκεανίδα , this places Sigalos’ book as the first. “We can prove mathematically that ‘Η Πραματεία Περί Ηθικής' was published before ‘Life in Australia.’ What we do not know is the exact month.”
The publishing production of ‘Life in Australia’ would have needed at least four to six months, which places its month of publication in the latter half of 1916. Logically, Dr Kanarakis said, This also places ‘Πραματεία Περί Ηθικής' between the month it was announced to be in its printing stages (December 1915) and before the transcript of Mr Yiannikos’ autobiography was submitted (first half of 1916).
The discovery proves that Greek Australian literature, although a relatively new literary genre, does presents itself with gaps in its history of book writing and book publishing. These kinds of philological problems, Dr Kanarakis said, are usually found in studies of long established genres and writings of antiquity. This discovery, he explains, also broadens the understanding and history of Greek Australian writings and readership.
Teacher, journalist, poet and author, Sydney NSW Australia
‘Andrew’ Anargyros Vretos Fatseas
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