submitted by Site Administrator on 02.06.2003
Many thanks to Peter Vanges and the Kytherian Association of Australia for their kind permission to reproduce this excerpt from Kythera, a History (1993), which is still available from the Association. For the contact information, please see the Associations section under "Culture".
Evidence of organised life on the island with trade connections with Crete.
Cretan civilisation at its peak. City of Skandia built and flourishing. Island is known by the name Porphyrousa; the capital city under construction.
Volcanic eruption of Santorini. Knossos falls and Cretan civilisation disappears. Skandia and settlements of the island destroyed.
Phoenicians establish trading posts on the island. Worship of Aphrodite introduced to the island that is known by the name Kythera.
Trojan War begins. Mention of the Kytherians. Lykophron and Amphidamas.
Dorians occupy Kythera. The city of Kythera built.
Greek colonisation of Mediterranean regions.
Kythera under Spartan rule.
Kythera taken by the Athenians.
Philoxenos, the Kytherian, was born.
Kythera returned to Sparta.
Kythera taken by Athenians.
Kythera retaken by Spartans.
Alexander chosen supreme General of Greek Armies for the invasion of Asia.
The death of Alexander the Great.
Rise of the Roman Empire. The island under Spartan rule.
Pirate attacks against Kythera.
Pirate attacks continue.
Elesa arrived on Kythera and was beheaded,
Mention of a Christian diocese on Kythera.
Kythera under the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of Rome.
Pirates control seas off Kythera.
Powerful earthquake and tidal wave damaged Kythera.
Theodoros arrived on Kythera. Pirate attacks continue.
The beginning of the Crusades.
The Eudaemonogiannis ruled Kythera from Sparta.
The holy icon of Myrtidiotissa found.
The city of St Dimitrios - Paliohora - was built. The citadel of Potamos built.
Marco Venieri was appointed Marquis of Cerigo. Kythera becomes known as Cerigo.
The construction of the fortress of Hora.
Cretans revolt against Venetians. Venetians assume direct rule on Kythera.
The fall of Constantinople.
The destruction of Paliohora.
The construction of the fortress of Mylopotamos.
Continuous Turkish attacks on Kythera.
Kythera occupied by Turks.
Migration to Asia Minor (Smyrna) begins.
The Kytherian peasants revolt.
The French liberate Kythera.
Turkish and Russian forces occupy Kythera.
Anarchy and disobedience rule the island.
The Russians depart.
The constitution of the Democracy of the Ionian islands was passed.
The French return.
The British take possession of Kythera.
New constitution is introduced.
The proclamation of the Hellenic revolt against the four hundred years of Turkish occupation. Construction of many roads on the island begins.
The historian loannis Mikelis writes the History of the island of Cerigo while in exile there.
Kytherians declare desire to unite with Greece.
The Ionian parliament votes on union with Greece.
British forces depart from Kythera.
King George I visits Kythera.
Efthimios Kavathas appointed as Bishop.
National Bank of Greece opens branch at Hora.
Kythera is declared an independent state.
The Kytherian Brotherhood of Australia formed in New South Wales, Australia.
Foundation stone of the high school of Kythera is laid at Hora.
Anglo-American Bank opens sub-branch at Potamos.
Electricity generator at Potamos.
The foundation stone of wharf of Agia Pelagia is laid.
Electrification of Hora.
World War II erupts.
Kythera under German occupation.
The Germans depart. E.A.M.-E.L.A.S in control.
The formation of the Kytherian Association of Queensland, Australia.
British land at Kapsali and Avlemona.
The Australian government encourages immigration.
By 1990 only 3,000 Kytherians live on the island.
The formation of the Kytherian Brotherhood of Canberra, Australia.
Many thanks to Peter Vanges and the Kytherian Association of Australia for their kind permission to reproduce this excerpt from Kythera, a History, which is still available from the Association. For the contact information, please see the Associations section under "Culture".
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