submitted by George Vardas on 11.05.2004
The lion of St Mark still stands guard over the entrance to the Venetian castle in Kato Hora in Mylopotamos. The fortress unfortunately is dominated by crumbling ruins although a number of churches have been preserved.
submitted by George Vardas on 10.05.2004
The small Venetian castle at Avlemonas is also known as the Kastelli. A weathered sculpture of the lion of St Mark is still visible on one of the walls of the fort.
The walls of the Kastro are very impressive as you approach.
submitted by George Vardas on 12.05.2004
The Kastro in Hora is one of the most striking reminders of the Venetian occupation of the island. Although the plaque on the wall as you walk up the rampart reads "1503" construction actually commenced in 1306 in place of a smaller Byzantium fort. In the 16th century the walls and fortifications were extended. According to the noted historian, Chryssa Maltezou, the authorities on Kythera were able to communicate with the Venetian regiments in Crete by means of signal fies on the castle to warn of possible incursions by pirates. In this way Kythera became the "Eye of Crete". The settlement pattern around the Kastro fits into the traditional kastro-chora, fortezza-borgo pattern so that locals could take refuge in the castle when the island came under attack. At it highest point the Kastro is built to an altitude of 250 metres.
This is probably one of the most photographed vistas on the island depicting the 700 year old Kastro in Hora with Kapsali Bay visible in the distance. The congregation of churches and other buildings around the base of the Kastro and within proximity of the Kastro was a product of a time when residents, fearful of pirate raids, could find safety within the walls of the Kastro.
Just before you enter Hora there is a road on the right leading to Cape Trachyla where the Germans had an outpost during World War II. This track also provides a different perspective on the castle at Hora.
submitted by George Vardas on 05.05.2004
The road leading to Agios Georgios. In the early 1990s the leading Greek archaeologist, Yannis Sakellarakis, confirmed that this was the site of a Minoan peak sanctuary and was evidence of the existence of an advanced Minoan colony on Kythera during the Bronze Age.
submitted by George Vardas on 03.05.2004
The church of Agios Georgios is on the highest part of the island and enjoys breathtaking views.
A view out to sea from the fishing village of Avlemonas. In 1802 the English brig, the Mentor, carrying part of Lord Elgin's looted sculptures from the Parthenon, sank just outside Agios Nikolaos harbour within sight of the township of Avlemonas and the castle (which is visible in the top right hand corner of the photograph). The sculptures were eventually retrieved by divers from the islands of Kalymnos and Kos and taken to London. In 1816 the Parthenon Marbles were sold by Elgin to the British Government and transferred to the British Museum where they remain to the present day.
submitted by George Vardas on 06.05.2004
Hora is one magnificent photo opportunity with its picturesque laneways, arches and Venetian architecture infused with a traditional Greek island landscape. The covered passageway depicted here is a Venetian concept. Similar passage-arcades under houses can be found in Crete and on Kerkyra where the Venetian influences were just as strong.
The former capital of Kythera, Agios Dimitrios, was sacked by the Ottoman pirate Barbarossa in 1537. It is now known as Paliohora. Several churches, including Agios Antonios which is pictured, remain somewhat intact whilst the surrounding walls and structures have deteriorated with time. This photo was inspired by a photograph taken by the famous Greek photographer, Nikos Desyllas, in his book "The Ionian Islands".
Above Diakofti is located a series of old huts thought to have been used by Arab pirates as bases for raids on passing ships. Note the sunken freighter in the background.
submitted by George Vardas on 17.05.2004
The Venetian castle at Hora dominates the town's landscape.
A view of the old terminal which served Kythera well until the completion of the modern airport complex
submitted by George Vardas on 05.10.2005
Karavas is reknown for its springs and leafy surrounds.
submitted by George Vardas on 04.05.2004
Built in 1817, the Lazaretto was originally a hospital. It is today a private residence behind the smaller of the two bays in Kapsali.
submitted by George Vardas on 02.05.2004
This distinctive, almost art deco building is in the central square of Fratsia
The small whitewashed chapel of Agios Nikolaos in Firi Ammos near Agia Pelagia provides a striking contrast to the rocky outcrop and blue seas.
The central arch of the seven arch bridge built by the British in 1825 at Potamos. Note the distinctive decorative motif over the arch which is unique to this bridge.
Karavas is a very luscious, verdant township.
Teacher, journalist, poet and author, Sydney NSW Australia
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