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Photos > Diaspora Social Life

submitted by Karavitiko Symposium, Sydney on 25.02.2005

Karavitiko 2005, at the Castellorizian Club, Kensington, Sydney.

Left to Right:

1. Stella Zervellis, (daughter of Matti Venardos.)

2. Mary Mentis (nee, Kepreotis). Her life story, and that of her deceased husband, Nick Mentis, has been recounted at length in a number of entries about Professor Janis Wilton's book - Immigrants in the Bush, on the kythera-family web-site.

3. Zac Souris.

Photos > Diaspora Social Life

submitted by Karavitiko Symposium, Sydney on 01.05.2006

Karavitiko 2005, at the Castellorizian Club, Kensington, Sydney.


Left to Right:

1. George C Hlihlis (Tzortzo) Poulos

2. Steve Kapetanios (Tzortzo) Poulos

3. Alex K---------s (Yeoryo) Poulos, Tamworth, NSW.


Left to Right:

1. Anna Hilos Tzortzopoulos (nee, Tzortzopoulos), spouse of Steve Kapetanios.

2. Rosie Koumoukelis.

3. Anna King.

4. Panya Lourandos.

5. George Koumoukelis.

6. Chris Lourandos.

Photos > Diaspora Social Life

submitted by Karavitiko Symposium, Sydney on 06.03.2005

Karavitiko 2005, at the Castellorizian Club, Kensington, Sydney.

Left to Right:

1. Eric Hlihlis (Tzortzo)Poulos.

2. Tassos Souris

3. Effie (Aphrodite) Souris (nee, Sandeman).

4. [Front]. John Prineas (Son of Stavroula Prineas).

5-6. Rear, two of Tassos and Effie's children. They have 4 children in all, Violetta, Nicholas, Theodore and Maria.

7. Stavroula Prineas, (nee, Yeoryas) - originally from Broggi, Kythera).

8. Violet Sandeman

9. Far background, Steve Kapetanios (Tzortzo) Poulos.

The Australian, and Karavitiko Symposium Flag are in the background. For more information on the Karavitiko Symposium Flag, see entry in History, subsection, Documents.

Photos > Diaspora Social Life

submitted by Karavitiko Symposium, Sydney on 25.02.2005

Karavitiko 2005, at the Castellorizian Club, Kensington, Sydney.

Left to right:

Sia Poulos (Yeorgiopoulos) kolloklissi, Anna Cominos Surandakos, and Anna Poulos (Tzortzopoulos), Hilos, at the 2005 Karavitiko Symposium.

For more information about the Karavitiko, see extensive entry under Community Services, subsection Associations.

Sia Poulos, key-note speaker at the event, was born and raised in Tamworth, but has been for some years, a resident of Kythera. She publishes the Summer Edition newspaper.
Her father is Alex Poulos, and mother Maria, (nee, Tambakis).
She is married to Dimitris Kiriakopoulos, and they have a son Alexandros.

Photos > Diaspora Social Life

submitted by Stephen Samios on 09.01.2005

Theo Cass turns 100.

Centenarian: Theo Cass knock's up a century.

Christmas to remember.
South Coogee resident turns 100 on December 25

Report Menios Contantinou.

Theo Cass will have more than one reason to celebrate this Christmas Day — he turns 100.
Mr Cass’s family is planning a birthday party and Christmas celebration at his South Coogee home, along with many close friends. The centenarian-to-be moved toSydney from Queensland with his wife Fani and children in 1970, and he has lived “a . good life” in South Coogee ever since.

In 1922 he came to Australia from Kythera, Greece and settled in Rockhampton, Queensland. From very humble beginnings, he toiled hard and made a name for himself as a respected business identity.

Along with his brothers Paul and Spiro, he opened the Blue Bird Café, which traded successfully in central Queensland through the Great Depresion of the early 1930's.

“I love Australia — it has been my true home since I moved here from Greece," Mr Cass said.
Recently Mr Cass has been battling ill health. He underwent major surgery at Prince of Wales Private Hospital earlier this year. “He pulled through the operation and is doing OK, and now he’s looking forward his birthday on Christmas Day,” his daughter Koula Papapetros said.
“It was quite a big hurdle for him to get over at age 99, but he’s a real little battler and he’s determined to get to 100.”

Mrs Papapetros and her brother Alex Cass thanked all the people who have helped their father in the last few years, including the staff at Prince of Wales Private Hospital, the Greek Welfare Centre, St Luke’s Community Home Care Service, and many close friends and family members. “Without all the good care of these people I doubt my father would’ve been able to cope, and we’re extremely appreciative of their generosity,” Mrs Papapetros said.

Although Mr Cass is not as lively now as he was as a youngster he is still a keen storyteller. “The operation took it’s toll a bit,” Mrs Papapetros said, “but he alway has time to tell us about his glory days.”­

From the Wentworth Courier, Eastern Suburbs, Sydney, December, 2004.

Photos > Diaspora Social Life

submitted by Karavitiko Symposium, Sydney on 16.01.2005

Karavitiko 2000.

Left to Right:

Mary Mentis (nee, Kepreotes)
Violet Sandeman advise
Beryl Cassimatis (nee, Palmer)
Paul Cassimatis

Left to Right: advise
Tina Mottee (nee, Cassimatis)
Con Mottee (died, 13th April, 2003).
George C Poulos Hilhlis
Con George Poulos
Angela Poulos (nee, Coroneos, Belos)

Photos > Diaspora Social Life

submitted by George Poulos on 11.10.2007

I Zoi en Afstralia.

I Zoi en Afstralia.

On display during Cafe Society exhibition at Inverell in 2004.

Photos > Diaspora Social Life

submitted by George Poulos on 27.12.2004

Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, Israel.

Love devotion and surrender.

Greek nuns prostrate themselves on the floor during an Easter celebration in the Greek Orthodox Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, Israel. (Sepulchre means tomb, and the Church is founded on the exact crucifixion and burial place of Jesus Christ. It was discovered and excavated by Helen, Constantine's mother).

The emotion conveyed by the gesture was so full of love, devotion and surrender that I simply had to take a photograph.

There is a powerful Greek, and Greek Orhodox presence in Israel, as well as a significant Kytherian presence, and I am very surprised that more Kytherian Diapora submissions have not been made to kythera-family from Israel.

Photos > Diaspora Social Life

submitted by George Poulos on 27.12.2004

The 2000 Committee of the Karavitiko Symposium, with guest of honour.

Left to right: Theo Kapetanios Poulos, Andy Psomas Coroneos, Guest of Honour, 2000, George Layos Souris, James Melosophaos Coroneos, George Hlihlis Poulos, Nick Datos, and Tanya Datos.

Note the photographs of Chris Laurantos, Canberra, hanging on the wall in the background. (Right-hand side). These magnificent photographs of Kythera in the mid-twentieth century deserve a much wider audience.

Photos > Diaspora Social Life

submitted by George Poulos on 23.12.2004

Aroney Awards Speech, by Mathew Mallos, 29th February, 2004.

Good Evening, distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen,

The Nicholas Aroney Award is an encouragement award for young Kytherians who have demonstrated a high level academic aptitude in the Higher School Certificate (HSC). [Final, External entry examination, held in the state of New South Wales, to, among other things, determine entry in institutions of higher learning, such as Universities].

“A high level of Academic aptitude”. It is these six words I want to focus on. What do they mean? Let me tell what they don’t mean.

High academic aptitude does not mean genius or smart, what it means is……..determination.

The young Kytherians that are about to receive this award tonight are going to receive it not because they have a superior intellect or because they are the smartest, of course there is no argument that they are intelligent and talented.

But they receive the award tonight because they are determined, motivated, individuals.
They are of a stock not unlike the gentleman in whose name we give these awards tonight. Mr Nicholas Anthony Aroney.

Nick was 15 years old when he boarded a ship in Greece bound for Australia. It was 1914 and due to the great War, his ship took him a far as Batavia, Java, then part of the Dutch East Indies.

So Nick wanted to come to Sydney, Australia but ended up in Indonesia.

This didn’t stop him though. By the end of 1914 Nick found himself in Warren, a town in rural northern NSW about 120 kilometers North West of Dubbo. Not quite Sydney, but a few steps closer nonetheless.

Of course, Nick, the determined gentleman that he was didn’t stop there.
In 1919 he bought a café in Nowra in partnership with a cousin. Nick was now only 160 kilometres south of Sydney.

In 1936 he moved to Wollongong and bought another café. The goal he had been working towards for the last 21 years was now only a few kilometers North.

Finally, in 1940 Nick made it. He moved to Sydney and the rest is history.

1914 to 1940. That’s 26 years it took Nick to get to Sydney. Imagine the strength of his determination, his persistence. Imagine if, he hadn’t been so determined. Imagine if when his boat moored in Batavia, Nick decided he had tried his best and the Dutch East Indies would have to do.

Luckily, that was not the case, and tonight we recognize fellow young Kytherians and award them for their determination in the name of Mr Nicholas Anthony Aroney.

These recipients have laboured long and hard over the course of their school lives.

I know from experience, as the HSC examinations draw closer, study becomes more intensive, pressure builds up and sometimes it can all feel a bit too hard.

But these are precisely the moments which define each of us as a person.

These are the moments which Nick would have had when disembarking from the boat that first time in Batavia.

These are the moments for which you are receiving this award tonight.

You are being awarded for your determination, and you are being recognized for the success it has brought you.

Let me say, I was a recipient of the Nicholas Aroney Award when I completed the HSC. You may ask anyone who knows me, when I am not around of course, and I am sure they will tell you that I am a very, very stubborn person. But then what is stubborn other than a substitute for persistent, determined, and persevering.

I am happy that I was awarded for my stubbornness and the success which it brought me. I can tell you it came in very handy when I was purchasing all those 1st year law-school textbooks.

So I hope tonight the award recipients feel a deserved and overwhelming sense of satisfaction, success, and self-awareness. Tonight the legacy of the late Mr Nicholas Anthony Aroney brings the light to bear upon you. May the success which your determination has brought you thus far, take you to where it is you finally want to go.

On behalf of us all here tonight, we congratulate you and thank the trustees of the Nicholas Aroney Trust Fund for their generous benevolence and of, course, we thank the Kytherian Association for their ongoing support for young Australian Kytherians.

thank you

Photos > Diaspora Social Life

submitted by George Poulos on 18.12.2004

An A.H.E.P.A. function at the Delphic, Melbourne, 14/7/1958.

From the Nina Black (Mavrokefalos) collection, held by the State Library of Victoria.

Photos > Diaspora Social Life

submitted by George Poulos on 21.12.2004

A.H.E.P.A. One of 2 originating meetings.

Meeting of *A.H.E.P.A. Scone, N.S.W. 22nd May, 1935.

*Australian Hellenic Educational Progressive Association.

The majority of persons who originated A.H.E.P.A. in Australia, derived from Kythera.

In an entry under General History, entitled, "Northern NSW - 9. Lower New England, Peter Tsicalas informs us, that "..In August 1934, Werris Creek, for some obscure reason, was chosen as the venue for the first meeting to form AHEPA. The get-together was initiated by Nick Harry Andronicos of Scone and Jim George Zantiotis of Warialda who rounded up the "usual suspects". The 32 attending Greeks elected the following committee: Nick Andronicos (President), Lambros Megaloconomos and Phillip Feros (Vice Presidents), Chris Souris (Secretary), Jim Zantiotis (Asst Sec) and Lambros Souris (Treasurer), with Emmanuel Kypriotis, Harry Fardouly, Angelo Christianos, John Moulos, Nick Feros, Peter Kypriotis, Sarantos Souris, Dimitrios Catsoulis, Emmanuel Aroney and Anthony Barboutis, as non executive members".

In another entry at kythera-family, at Cafes Shops and Cinemas, entitled, Civic Theatre, Scone, Professor Minas Coroneo informs us that "..The originators of AHEPA in Australia were Greek shopkeepers in NSW country towns. Its primary objective was “to revive and marshal into active service for Australia the noblest attributes of Hellenism”. There is a photo taken at this meeting and I believe my father was there and took some notice of this aim."

Eleni Dedes recalls, (See entry under History, subsection Oral History, regarding ... "A.H.E.P.A. ..One Sunday a month, they'd arrange to go to a different town. The men would have a meeting in the afternoon, and, at night, they would sort of have a party and dance. That's how young people got to know each other".

Photos > Diaspora Social Life

submitted by George Poulos on 10.12.2004

Greek Flag, Opera House & Harbour Bridge. Sydney. 1984.

[Every Greek-Australian is very conscious of having to maintain a dual identity. Part Greek and part Australian.

Some images invoke that duality very powerfully. This is one such image.]

A union of symbols reflecting dual identity.

From, Images of Home, p. 159.

*There are also about 33 other Kytherian images and entries in the book, Images of Home.

Some have been re-produced at kythera-family in the Vintage Portraits section at both Photography Diaspora, and Photography Island.

Author's:Effy Alexakis & Leonard Janiszewski

When Published:1995
Publisher:Hale & Iremonger Publishers
Available:Hale & Iremonger Publishers, 02 9565 1955
Description:285x210mm, 160 pages.

Available from:

Hale & Iremonger
PO Box 205,
Alexandria, NSW. 2015.

Ph: 02 9656 2955
Fax: 02 9550 2012



Documentary photographer Effy Alexakis and social historian Leonard Janiszewski have been researching their history and contemporary presence since 1982, and have made many field trips throughout both Australia and Greece, painstakingly piecing together what has become a giant jigsaw puzzle.

Effy Alexakis:

"The idea for this project began in Greece in 1985 whilst I was staying with the parents of family friends in the village of Mitata, on the island of Kythera. Although I had already noticed many deserted homes throughout Greece, it wasn't until I saw a whole street of deserted homes and ventured inside them that I realised that many of the people had left their homes with the intention of returning. Letters, photographs and other personal documents had been left behind. Like pieces of a huge jigsaw puzzle, these items provided small clues about the life within these homes. Australia's migration history is to be found in these homes. Unfortunately, through time, much is being lost."

For a digital archive of photographs, see, also,

For other entries about Effy and Leonard, search internally, under Alexakis or Janiszewski.

Photos > Diaspora Social Life

submitted by George Poulos on 09.12.2004

School students dressed in traditional Greek costume for a concert in Brisbane, ca, 1920

Children include:

Florence Venery (first on left, standing),
Aroney (third from left, standing),
Peter Tsikleas (second from right, standing),
Steve Freeleagus (far right, front).

(Description supplied with photograph)

Photos > Diaspora Social Life

submitted by Spyro Calocerinos on 14.11.2004

They love Fishing

Photo provided by Mr.Emmanuel Casimatis.
In the photo, two Emmanuels. Casimatis and Comino 1979 at Barrier Reef

Photos > Diaspora Social Life

submitted by Spyro Calocerinos on 14.11.2004

Fishing at Barrier Reef 1976

Photo provided by Emmanuel Casimatis.
This is a yearly trip for these Kytherians.
From left to right: Peter Poulos,Lakis Poulos,Peter Conomos,Dr. Alexander,Chris Alexander, Emmanuel Casimatis,Steve Marselos, Bill Casimatis,Dr. Lewis, last, Manuel Comino

Photos > Diaspora Social Life

submitted by James Gavriles on 08.11.2004

Another picture of the Gavriles/Sofios visit

Another picture with me in the shot instead of my Grandson. My son Nick was busy and didn't get in the photograph.
My son makes custom cars in partnership with the famed Greek custom car builder, George Barris. Noted for building many cars in movies ,one of which was the Batmobile.

Photos > Diaspora Social Life

submitted by James Gavriles on 08.11.2004

Sofios/Gavriles Cousins get together In Detroit

My Grandson Jim Gavriles II,Jim C. Sofios son of Charles Sofios, Charles(Chuck)H. Sofios,John H. Sofios. At my son nick Gavriles's custom car shop in Walled lake ,Michigan. Charles lives in the area, John lives in the Fresno, California area, and was just passing through from his summer visit to Logothetianica Kythera.
The Sofios's originally from Bowling Green, Ohio. Their Father was Haralambos Sofios, Their Mother was Helen Tamvakis.
The Gavriles family and the Sofios family are first cousins.

Photos > Diaspora Social Life

submitted by George Poulos on 11.11.2004

Manuel (Belo) Coroneos piggy backing an infant Chris Miller, on a Chinchilla, Queensland, picnic.

Dimitri (Jim) Castrisios Miliotis known as Jim Miller and his wife, Envangalia (Angela) (nee, Balson) after they were married, settled in Chinchilla, a small town in South-western Queensland.

They had 4 sons, the first two, non-identical twins; George and John, and later, Chris and Bill (Vassilli).

They established, the Miller General Store, which was quite large, selling fruit, smallgoods, newspapers, and operating as a cafe as well. Initially it was begun in a flood plain on the "wrong" side of the railway tracks - and eventually moved to higher ground. Jim placed a high value on honesty, and service. He insisted that the food be fresh. And he was very innovative in his store advertising. "One time he hired a plane to throw pamphlets over the town of Chinchilla. One pamphlet had a lucky number on it, and whoever found and presented that pamphlet was given a free box of fruit." Angela worked in the shop beside her husband, whilst raising the 4 boys.

Commercial competition to the store was provided by another Greek family in Chinchilla, the Melegans.

A number of Kytherian's became employee's of the Miller's - including two of my maternal uncles, Theothosios (Theo) Belo Corones, and his brother, Manolis (Manuel) Coroneos, from Karavas, Kythera. They lived in the quarters behind the shop, and interacted with the young Miller children.

The photograph above was taken at a family picnic, with future doctor and researcher, Chris Miller, perched up on my Uncle Manuel's shoulders. Jim and Angela, who is holding Bill, future solicitor, and Kennedy-Miller executive are in the background, near the familys' FJ Holden.

[For another family photograph at the same picnic, see entry for George Miller, under, People, subsection, High Achievers.]

On rare "breaks" from running businesses, particularly in small country towns, Kytherians liked to get out "in the bush", and "unwind" for a few hours.

Both my uncles spoke highly of Jim, and my Uncle Theo confirmed his "softly spoken style" - a marked contrast to the "boisterous" style of Triunduphilo - Theo's father - and my grandfather.

The Miller family maintained the store in Chinchilla for 11-12 years; at which time they sold it, and moved to Vaucluse in Sydney.

Photos > Diaspora Social Life

submitted by George Poulos on 08.12.2006

Don Patrick - Philhellene and Philkytherian, Gilgandra, NSW, Australia.

In every town where Kytherians chose to settle, it seems that there were always a number of Australians in that town who were very fascinated by Greeks and Kytherians and their way of life.

Elsewhere at kythera-family, Marie Hobson from Gunnedah has revealed her fascination with the Greeks.
[Use the internal search engine under Hobson to find the requisite entry].

Similarly Kevin Cork, in the process of researching his Ph.D thesis on Greek cinema operators in New South Wales became equally fascinated. [Use internal search engine under Cork].

Donald Gordon Patrick was born in Gilgandra. He was variously a farmer, a gunsmith, and a hotelier. He was also an A-grade marksman, who often accompanied Kytherians on hunting trips on farms around Gilgandra.

[Kiniyi was a very important activity amongst Kytherians, and one which has yet to be explored fully at kythera-family]. He was an excellent shot. I never saw him miss a target that he had designated, prior to the shot. He never wasted one piece of ammunition.

Don was fascinated by the Greek lifestyle. He spent a great deal of time, particularly in the later evenings, going into the Kytherian shops in Gilgandra, such as the Monterey Cafe, the ABC Cafe, and Gilgandra Fruit Mart, conversing at length with the proprietors, George (Proto)Psaltis, Paul (Yianna)Kelly, and Con (Tzortzo)Poulos, respectively.

I have thought very long and hard over many years as to what fascinated a certain type of Australian about the Greeks?

Eventually I arrived at the conclusion that the Greeks were

1. single-minded and dedicated to achieving success - they were very purposive, and made many sacrifices to succeed. (This contrasted with a dissipated lifestyle that people like Don could detect amongst some of their fellow-Australians).
2. they were very moral in their outlook.
3. They were very sober in their habits.
4. They were consistent in the pattern of their lives. All the Kytherian's in the Central Western town's around Gilgandra for example, seemed to live the same kind of life.
5. they were very self-effacing about their achievements.
6. some had led extarordinary and interesting lives. (Again, contrasted with being bought up in a small town like Gilgandra.)

Because I spent 4 evenings out of 7 working in my fathers' shop, I was privy to all these conversations, and was included in them, and became very close to the Patrick family.

In the end I used to call Don, Thionisis Patrikios, designating him an honorary Kytherian.

The photograph above is wife Nola's favourite photograph of her late husband.

Don died recently, and I always remember him with a fond regard.

This phenomenon of Australians becoming fascinated by the Kytherian lifestyle is worthy of much deeper investigation than has hitherto been dedicated to it.